Linkedin published a report after analyzing the data in over 330 million LinkedIn member profiles, here are the 25 hottest skills globally in 2014. If you are a job seeker and considering a career change, we hope that the below breakdown will help you to narrow your focus in job search or start learning the new skills that are in demand.
Students who are about to study of are currently studying could redirect their focus to major in areas that are in high demand and will lead to employment after graduation.
1. Statistical Analysis and Data Mining:
Data mining which is the analysis step of the “Knowledge Discovery in Databases” process,is an interdisciplinary area in computer science. It involves the computational process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of artificial intelligence, machine learning, statistics, and database systems.
The goal of the data mining process is to extract information from a data set and transform it into an understandable structure for use in different industries and fields.
Aside from the raw analysis step, it involves database and data management aspects, data pre-processing, model and inference considerations, interestingness metrics, complexity considerations, post-processing of discovered structures, visualization, and online updating.
2. Middleware and Integration Software:
Middleware is a computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system. It can be described as “software glue”.Middleware makes it easier for software developers to perform communication and input/output, so they can focus on the specific purpose of their application. Middleware is the software that connects software components or enterprise applications.
Middleware is also the software layer that lies between the operating system and the applications on each side of a distributed computer network. Typically, it supports complex and distributed business software applications.
3.Storage Systems and Management:
Storage management encompasses the technologies and processes organizations use to maximize or improve the performance of their data storage resources. It’s a broad category that includes virtualization, replication, mirroring, security, compression, traffic analysis, process automation, storage provisioning and related techniques.
Most storage management techniques also simplify the management of storage networks and devices. That can allow companies to save time and even reduce the number of IT workers needed to maintain their storage systems, which in turn, also reduces overall storage operating costs
4.Network and Information Security:
Network security is a set of procedures implemented by a network administrator to avoid and keep track of unauthorized access, exploitation, modification, or denial of the network and network resources.
A well-implemented network security blocks viruses, malware, hackers from accessing or altering secure information.
Information Security refers to the processes and methodologies which are designed and implemented to protect print, electronic, or any other form of confidential, private and sensitive information or data from unauthorized access, use, misuse, disclosure, destruction, modification, or disruption.
Search engine marketing (SEM) is basically Internet marketing and it involves the promotion of websites by increasing their visibility in search engine results pages (SERPs) through optimization and advertising. SEM may use search engine optimization (SEO), which adjusts or rewrites website content to achieve a higher ranking in search engine results pages, or use pay per click (PPC) listings
6. Business Intelligence
(BI) represents the tools and systems that play a key role in the strategic planning process of the corporation. These systems allow a company to gather, store, access and analyze corporate data to aid in decision-making.
7.Mobile Applications Development
Mobile application development is the process by which application software is developed for handheld devices, such as personal digital assistants, enterprise digital assistants or mobile phones
Mobile application development is differentiated from desktop and Web application development primarily by the hardware and other system constraints of the device that the application will run on.
Algorithm design is a specific method to create a mathematical process in solving problems. Applied algorithm design is algorithm engineering.
Algorithm design is identified and incorporated into many solution theories of operation research, such as dynamic programming and divide-and-conquer. Techniques for designing and implementing algorithm designs are algorithm design patterns, such as template method pattern and decorator pattern, and uses of data structures, and name and sort lists. Some current day uses of algorithm design can be found in internet retrieval processes of web crawling, packet routing and caching.
Perl is a highly capable, feature-rich programming language with over 27 years of development and is suitable for both rapid prototyping and large scale development projects.
Python is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability, and its syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than would be possible in languages such as C++ or Java.The language provides constructs intended to enable clear programs on both a small and large scale.
Ruby is a dynamic, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. It has an elegant syntax that is natural to read and easy to write.
10.Data Engineering and Data Warehousing
A data warehouse (DW or DWH), also known as an enterprise data warehouse (EDW), is a system used for reporting and data analysis. DWs are central repositories of integrated data from one or more disparate sources. They store current and historical data and are used for creating trending reports for senior management reporting such as annual and quarterly comparisons.
The data stored in the warehouse is uploaded from the operational systems (such as marketing, sales, etc., shown in the figure to the right). The data may pass through an operational data store for additional operations before it is used in the DW for reporting.
Data engineering uses data as the means for understanding a process. The data might be generated in many ways, or subset of the available data may be used.
Data engineering uses data analysis techniques from statistics, machine learning, pattern recognition or neural networks, together with other technologies such as visualization, optimization, database systems, prototyping tools and knowledge elicitation.
The goal is to use the available data or generate more data, and to thereby understand the process being investigated. The process of analysing the data, creating new analysis tools specifically for the task, and working with the domain experts is a key aspect of this engineering task.
11.Marketing Campaign Management
Marketing campaigns are efforts of a company or a third-party marketing service provider to increase awareness for a particular product or service, or to increase consumer awareness of a business or organization. The whole process involves the use of softwares and certain paid of free tools, as such there needs to be a manager to control the operations to achieve desired results.
12.Mac, Linux and Unix Systems
The System Administrator (SA) is responsible for effective provisioning, installation/configuration, operation, and maintenance of systems hardware and software and related infrastructure. This individual participates in technical research and development to enable continuing innovation within the infrastructure. This individual ensures that system hardware, operating systems, software systems, and related procedures adhere to organizational values, enabling staff, volunteers, and Partners.
This individual will assist project teams with technical issues in the Initiation and Planning phases of our standard Project Management Methodology. These activities include the definition of needs, benefits, and technical strategy; research & development within the project life-cycle; technical analysis and design; and support of operations staff in executing, testing and rolling-out the solutions. Participation on projects is focused on smoothing the transition of projects from development staff to production staff by performing operations activities within the project life-cycle.
This individual is accountable for the following systems: Linux and Windows systems that support GIS infrastructure; Linux, Windows and Application systems that support Asset Management; Responsibilities on these systems include SA engineering and provisioning, operations and support, maintenance and research and development to ensure continual innovation.
Recruitment may be undertaken in-house by managers, human resource generalists and/or recruitment specialists. Alternatively, parts of the process may be undertaken by either public-sector
14. Digital & Online Marketing
Internet marketing, or online marketing, refers to advertising and marketing efforts that use the Web and email to drive direct sales via electronic commerce, in addition to sales leads from Web sites or emails. Internet marketing and online advertising efforts are typically used in conjunction with traditional types of advertising like radio, television, newspapers and magazines.
Digital marketing is a broad term that describes a set of marketing processes that utilize all available digital channels to promote a product or service or build a digital brand. Digital marketing has come to succeed traditional marketing and the transition from paper and newspaper ads to Facebook and PPC campaigns.
15.Computer Graphics and Animation
It is the creation of moving images (animation) using computer technology. Computer animation is broken down into two categories. Computer-generated animation where the animation is designed solely on the computer system using animation and 3D graphics software, and computer-assisted animation where traditional animations are computerized.
16. Java Development
Java development is programming of web and mobile applications using Java programming language.
17. Channel Marketing:
The directing of promotional efforts at specific links or levels (distributor, wholesaler, retailer) in a channel of distribution. In general there has to be a human managing or conducting marketing activities in all chosen channels.
17: ERP systems
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is defined as the ability to deliver an integrated suite of business applications. ERP tools share a common process and data model, covering broad and deep operational end-to-end processes, such as those found in finance, HR, distribution, manufacturing, service and the supply chain.
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18. Integrated Circuit (IC) Design
Integrated circuit design, or IC design, is a subset of electrical engineering, encompassing the particular logic and circuit design techniques required to design integrated circuits, or ICs. ICs consist of miniaturized electronic components built into an electrical network on a monolithic semiconductor substrate by photolithography.
IC design can be divided into the broad categories of digital and analog IC design. Digital IC design is to produce components such as microprocessors, FPGAs, memories (RAM, ROM, and flash) and digital ASICs. Digital design focuses on logical correctness, maximizing circuit density, and placing circuits so that clock and timing signals are routed efficiently. Analog IC design also has specializations in power IC design and RF IC design. Analog IC design is used in the design of op-amps, linear regulators, phase locked loops, oscillators and active filters. Analog design is more concerned with the physics of the semiconductor devices such as gain, matching, power dissipation, and resistance.
19. Game Development (Video, Mobile and Web)
Game development is the process of creating a platform based games. Development is undertaken by a game developer, which may range from one person to a large business. Traditional commercial PC and console games are normally funded by a publisher and take several years to develop. Indie games can take less time and can be produced cheaply by individuals and small developers. The indie game industry has seen a rise in recent years with the growth of new online distribution systems and the mobile game market.
According to Webopedia “In computing, virtualization means to create a virtual version of a device or resource, such as a server, storage device, network or even an operating system where the framework divides the resource into one or more execution environments. Even something as simple as partitioning a hard drive is considered virtualization because you take one drive and partition it to create two separate hard drives. Devices, applications and human users are able to interact with the virtual resource as if it were a real single logical resource. The term virtualization has become somewhat of a buzzword, and as a result the term is now associated with a number of computing technologies including the following:
storage virtualization: the amalgamation of multiple network storage devices into what appears to be a single storage unit.
server virtualization: the partitioning a physical server into smaller virtual servers.
operating system-level virtualization: a type of server virtualization technology which works at the operating system (kernel) layer. network virtualization: using network resources through a logical segmentation of a single physical network.
application virtualization “